Working papers

Grade sensitivity and the economics major at a women's college (with Sheridan Rogers and Akila Weerapana) [online appendix].

Journal articles and chapters

Voter response to peak and end transfers: Evidence from a conditional cash transfer experiment (with Sebastian Galiani, Nadya Hajj, Pablo Ibarrarán, and Nandita Krishnaswamy). American Economic Journal: Economic Policy [doi; online appendix; data].

Women, information ecology, and political protest in the Middle East (with Nadya Hajj and Rebecca Turkington). Mediterranean Politics [doi].

External and internal validity of a geographic quasi-experiment embedded in a cluster-randomized experiment (with Sebastian Galiani and Brian Quistorff). Advances in Econometrics [doi].

The effects of musical training on child development: A randomized trial of El Sistema in Venezuela (with Xiomara Alemán, Suzanne Duryea, Nancy Guerra, Rodrigo Muñoz, Marco Stampini, and Ariel Williamson). Prevention Science [doi].

Do education and health conditions matter in a large cash transfer? Evidence from a Honduran experiment (with Fiorella Benedetti and Pablo Ibarrarán). Economic Development and Cultural Change [doi].



Improving middle school quality in poor countries: Evidence from the Honduran Sistema de Aprendizaje Tutorial (with Erin Murphy-Graham, David Torres Irribarra, Claudia Aguilar, and Renán Rápalo). Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis [doi].

The effects of an anti-grade-inflation policy at Wellesley College (with Kristin Butcher and Akila Weerapana). Journal of Economic Perspectives [doi].

Improving early-grade literacy in East Africa: Experimental evidence from Kenya and Uganda (with Adrienne Lucas, Moses Ngware, and Moses Oketch). Journal of Policy Analysis and Management [doi].

The heterogeneous impact of conditional cash transfers (with Sebastian Galiani). Journal of Public Economics [doi; online appendix; data].

Giving till it helps? Alumnae giving and children’s college options (with Kristin Butcher and Caitlin Kearns). Research in Higher Education [doi].



Preschool and maternal labor outcomes: Evidence from a regression discontinuity design (with Samuel Berlinski and Sebastian Galiani). Economic Development and Cultural Change [doi].

The effects of quantitative skills training on college outcomes and peers (with Kristin Butcher and Corrine Taylor). Economics of Education Review [doi].


Empirical research methods in the economics of education. Economics of Education.

Admissions lotteries in charter schools (with Robert Olsen). Taking Measure of Charter Schools.

Native American mascots and alumni giving (with Clive Belfield). The Native American Mascot Controversy: A Handbook.





The achievement of indigenous students in Guatemalan primary schools (with Marisol Trowbridge). International Journal of Educational Development.

Breaking ground: Analysis of the assessment system and impact of Mexico's teacher incentive program "Carrera Magisterial" (with Lucrecia Santibáñez, José Felipe Martinez, Ashlesha Datar, Claude Messan Setodji, and Ricardo Basurto-Dávila).

Roommate effects on grades: Evidence from first-year housing assignments (with Kristen A. Soderberg). Research in Higher Education.

An economic approach to education policy implementation (with Susanna Loeb). New Directions in Education Policy Implementation: Confronting Complexity.

The central role of noise in evaluating interventions that use test scores to rank schools (with Kenneth Y. Chay and Miguel Urquiola). American Economic Review [doi].

Teacher and principal incentives in Mexico (with Lucrecia Santibañez). Incentives to Improve Teaching: Lessons from Latin America.

The indigenous test score gap in Bolivia and Chile. Economic Development and Cultural Change. [Spanish translation]

The potential impact of vouchers. Peabody Journal of Education.

How effective are private schools in Latin America? (with Marie-Andrée Somers and J. Douglas Willms). Comparative Education Review.



Does privatization improve education? The case of Chile’s national voucher plan (with Martin Carnoy). Choosing Choice: School Choice in International Perspective.

Propuestas alternativas a la asignación estatal de recursos. Equidad y Financimiento de la Educación en América Latina.

Cost-effectiveness analysis as an evaluation tool (with Henry M. Levin). International Handbook of Educational Evaluation.


Cost-effectiveness and educational policy (with Henry M. Levin). Cost-Effectiveness and Educational Policy.

Are cost-effectiveness methods used correctly? Cost-Effectiveness and Educational Policy.


Privatization through vouchers in developing countries: The cases of Chile and Colombia (with Martin Carnoy). Privatizing Education.

The politics of rural school reform: Escuela Nueva in Colombia (with Luis Benveniste). Journal of Education Policy.


The effectiveness and efficiency of private schools in Chile’s voucher system (with Martin Carnoy). Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis [doi].

Constraints to implementing educational innovations: The case of multigrade schools (with Luis A. Benveniste). International Review of Education [doi].


Private costs and the rate of return to primary education. Applied Economics Letters.


The effectiveness of multigrade schools in Colombia. International Journal of Educational Development [doi; Spanish translation].

Decommissioned papers